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Understanding Anxiety and How Counselling Can Help

Updated: Sep 20, 2023

Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health issues worldwide, affecting millions of individuals of all ages and backgrounds. While occasional feelings of anxiety are a normal part of life, excessive and persistent anxiety can significantly impact an individual's overall well-being and daily functioning. Fortunately, professional counselling offers effective support and treatment for various types of anxiety disorders. Let's explore different types of anxiety disorders and shed light on how counselling can provide valuable assistance in managing and overcoming anxiety.

Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD):

GAD involves excessive worry and fear about various aspects of life. Symptoms include restlessness, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and physical tension. Counselling provides a safe and supportive environment to address the underlying causes of anxiety. Therapists employ techniques like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and stress management strategies to develop coping mechanisms and reduce the impact of anxiety on daily life.

Panic Disorder:

Panic Disorder is characterised by recurring panic attacks, which are sudden episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms like a rapid heartbeat and shortness of breath. Counselling focuses on identifying triggers and understanding thoughts and beliefs contributing to panic attacks. Therapists may use techniques such as exposure therapy and cognitive restructuring to regain control over panic symptoms.

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD):

SAD involves an intense fear of social situations and the worry of being judged or embarrassed. Counselling for social anxiety involves gradual exposure to social situations with guidance and support. Therapists may use techniques like cognitive restructuring and social skills training to challenge negative beliefs, improve self-esteem, and develop effective coping strategies.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):

OCD is characterised by intrusive, unwanted thoughts and repetitive behaviors performed to alleviate anxiety. Counselling, particularly CBT and exposure and response prevention (ERP), helps individuals identify and challenge obsessive thoughts and gradually reduce compulsive behaviors, regaining control over their lives.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):

PTSD can develop following a traumatic event. Individuals with PTSD experience intrusive memories, nightmares, flashbacks, and heightened anxiety. Counselling creates a safe space to process traumatic experiences, using techniques like cognitive processing therapy (CPT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) to manage distressing symptoms and work towards healing and recovery.

How Counselling Can help:

1. Emotional Support:

Counselling offers a safe and non-judgmental environment for individuals to express fears and worries. Therapists provide empathy and understanding, which can lead to improved emotional well-being.

2. Identifying Underlying Causes:

Counselling helps individuals explore and identify underlying causes and triggers of anxiety. Understanding thoughts, beliefs, and past experiences contributing to anxiety is a crucial step towards resolving and overcoming it.

3. Developing Coping Strategies:

Counselling equips individuals with practical tools and coping strategies. Therapists may teach relaxation techniques, stress management skills, and mindfulness practices to regulate emotions and reduce anxiety symptoms, leading to improved quality of life.

4. Changing Negative Thought Patterns:

Counselling helps individuals challenge and reframe negative thoughts. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is effective in identifying and modifying unhelpful thought patterns, resulting in a reduction in anxiety symptoms.

Anxiety disorders can be effectively managed and overcome with the help of counselling. By understanding different types of anxiety disorders and the benefits of counselling, individuals can take the first step towards regaining control over their mental health.

If you are experiencing anxiety or suspect an anxiety disorder, booking an appointment with me today in a proactive step towards well-being.

Remember, you don't have to face anxiety alone—reach out the guidance and support you need.


  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

  2. National Institute of Mental Health. (2021). Anxiety disorders. Retrieved from

  3. Mayo Clinic. (2022). Anxiety disorders. Retrieved from

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